Common Stock and Warrants
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2023
|Common Stock and Warrants||Common Stock and Warrants
As discussed in Note 1, Description of the Business, VGAC II completed the acquisition of Legacy Grove and acquired 100% of Legacy Grove’s shares and Legacy Grove received gross proceeds of $97.1 million, which includes proceeds from issuance of common stock upon the consummation of the Business Combination. During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company recorded $24.4 million of transaction costs, which consisted of legal, accounting, and other professional services directly related to the Business Combination. Transaction costs were allocated on a relative fair value basis between the issuance of equity and liability instruments.
Direct and incremental transaction costs allocated to equity-classified instruments were recorded within equity as an offset against proceeds upon accounting for the consummation of the Business Combination in the condensed consolidated financial statements. Direct and incremental transaction costs allocated to liability-classified equity instruments were expensed in the condensed consolidated financial statements and included in other expense, net in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The cash outflows related to these costs were presented as financing activities on the Company’s condensed consolidated statement of cash flows.
As per the original agreement, the Company had $17.5 million of transaction costs accrued as of December 31, 2022. In March 2023, the Company entered into an amended agreement with a vendor to reduce this liability by $13.4 million. This reduction of costs was allocated between the liability and equity instruments with $3.8 million being recorded to other income, net on the Company’s statement of operations and $9.6 million recorded to additional paid-in capital, within equity.
On the Closing Date and in accordance with the terms and subject to the conditions of the Business Combination, each holder of Legacy Grove common stock received approximately 1.1760 shares of the Company’s Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share. All equity awards of Legacy Grove were assumed by the Company and converted into comparable equity awards that are settled or exercisable for shares of the Company’s Class B common stock. As a result, each outstanding stock option was converted into an option exercisable for the Company’s Class B common stock based on an exchange ratio of approximately 1.1760, each outstanding restricted
stock unit was converted into restricted stock units of the Company that, upon vesting and issued, will be settled for shares of the Company’s Class B common stock based on an exchange ratio of approximately 1.1760 and each outstanding warrant to purchase Legacy Grove common stock or preferred stock was converted into a warrant to purchase shares of the Company’s Class B common stock based on an exchange ratio of approximately 1.1760.
Each public and private warrant of VGAC II that was unexercised at the time of the business combination was assumed by the Company and represents the right to purchase one share of the Company’s Class A common stock upon exercise of such warrant.
At the closing of the Business Combination, Class B common stock shareholders (including Grove stock option, restricted stock unit, and warrant holders) were issued 13,999,960 shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock (“Earn-Out Shares”). During the three months ended March 31, 2023, certain shareholders surrendered an aggregate 985,722 Earn-Out Shares which, per terms of the Merger Agreement, were cancelled by the Company and not reallocated among the remaining holders. The remaining 13,014,238 Earn-Out Shares will vest (i) with respect to 6,507,310 of the Earn-Out Shares, upon the closing price of the Company’s Class A common stock equaling or exceeding $12.50 per share for any 20 trading days within any 30-trading-day period and (ii) with respect to 6,506,928 of the Earn-Out Shares, upon the closing price of the Company’s Class A common stock equaling or exceeding $15.00 per share for any 20 trading days within any 30-trading-day period. Such events can occur during a period of ten years following the Business Combination (the “Earn-Out Period”).
If, during the Earn-Out Period, there is a Change of Control Transaction (as defined in the Merger Agreement), then all remaining triggering events that have not previously occurred and the related vesting conditions shall be deemed to have occurred.
If, upon the expiration of the Earn-Out Period, any Earn-Out Shares shall have not vested, then such Earn-Out Shares shall be automatically forfeited by the holders thereof and canceled by the Company. The settlement amount to be paid to the selling shareholders of the Earn-Out Shares can change and is not indexed to the Company’s stock. Due to the change in control event contingency and variable number of Earn-Out shares to be settled to the holders, the Earn-Out Shares fail the equity scope exception and are accounted for as a derivative in accordance with ASC 815 and will be remeasured on a recurring basis at fair value, with changes in fair value recorded in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. As of March 31, 2023, the Company did not meet any Earn-Out thresholds.
Class A Common Stock Warrants
As the accounting acquirer, Grove Collaborative, Inc. is deemed to have assumed 6,700,000 Private Placement Warrants for the Company’s Class A common stock that were held by Virgin Group Acquisition Sponsor II LLC (the “Sponsor”) at an exercise price of $11.50 and 8,050,000 of the Company’s Class A common stock Public Warrants that were held by VGAC II’s shareholders at an exercise price of $11.50. The warrants will expire on July 16, 2027, or earlier upon redemption or liquidation.
Subsequent to the Closing of the Business Combination, the Private Placement and Public Warrants for shares of the Company’s Class A common stock meet liability classification requirements since the warrants may be required to be settled in cash under a tender offer. In addition, Private Placement warrants are potentially subject to a different settlement amount as a result of being held by the Sponsor which precludes the private placement warrants from being considered indexed to the entity's own stock, and therefore classified as liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of March 31, 2023, the following Warrants were outstanding:
The Public Warrants become exercisable into shares of the Company’s Class A common stock commencing on July 16, 2022 and expire on July 16, 2027, or earlier upon redemption or liquidation. At closing, the Company assumed 8,050,000 public warrants. Each warrant entitles the holder to purchase one share of the Company’s Class A common stock at a price of $11.50 per share, subject to certain adjustments.
The Company may redeem, with 30 days written notice, each whole outstanding Public Warrant for cash at a price of $0.01 per warrant if the Reference Value equals or exceeds $18.00 per share, subject to certain adjustments. The warrant holders have the right to exercise their outstanding warrants prior to the scheduled redemption date during the Redemption Period at $11.50 per share, subject to certain adjustments. If the Company calls the Public Warrants for redemption, the Company will have the option to require all holders that wish to exercise the Public Warrants to do so on a “cashless basis”, as described in the warrant agreement. For purposes of the redemption, “Reference Value” shall mean the last reported sales price of the Company’s Class A common stock for any trading days within the trading-day period ending on the third trading day prior to the date on which notice of the redemption is given.
Private Placement Warrants
The Private Placement Warrants are identical to the Public Warrants, except that the Private Placement Warrants were not transferable, assignable or salable until 30 days after the completion of a Business Combination, subject to certain limited exceptions. Additionally, the Private Warrants are exercisable on a cashless basis and are non-redeemable so long as they are held by the initial purchasers or their permitted transferees. If the Private Warrants are held by someone other than the initial purchasers or their permitted transferees, then such warrants will be redeemable by the Company and exercisable by the warrant holders on the same basis as the Public Warrants. At Closing, the Company assumed 6,700,000 Private Placement Warrants.
In connection with the Business Combination, the Company issued to the Corvina Holdings limited 3,875,028 warrants to purchase the Company’s Class A common stock (each warrant exercisable to purchase one share of the Company’s Class A common stock for $0.01) (such warrants, the “Backstop Warrants”). The Backstop Warrants are exercisable by the Backstop Investor at any time on or before June 16, 2027, and are on terms customary for warrants of such nature. None of these warrants have been exercised as of March 31, 2023.
Standby Equity Purchase Agreement
On July 18, 2022, the Company entered into a Standby Equity Purchase Agreement (the “SEPA”) with YA II PN, LTD (“Yorkville” or “SEPA Investor”), pursuant to which Yorkville has agreed to purchase up to $100 million of common stock from time to time over a period of 36 months, subject to certain conditions. The shares of the Company’s common stock that may be issued under the SEPA may be sold by us to Yorkville at our discretion from time to time and sales of the Company’s common stock under the SEPA will depend upon market conditions and other factors. Additionally, in no event may the Company sell more than 32,557,664 shares of common stock to Yorkville under the SEPA, which number of shares is equal to 19.99% of the shares of the Company's common stock outstanding immediately prior to the execution of the Equity Purchase Agreement (the “Exchange Cap”), unless stockholder approval is obtained to issue shares of common stock in excess of the Exchange Cap in accordance with applicable NYSE rules or comply with certain other requirements as described in the Equity Purchase Agreement. As a result, unless the Company’s stock price exceeds $3.07, the Company will be unable to sell the full $100.0 million commitment to Yorkville without seeking stockholder approval to issue additional shares in excess of the Exchange Cap. The purchase price per share for Class A common stock will be 97.55% of the Volume-Weighted Average Price (“VWAP”) of the Company’s Class A common stock over the Pricing Period, as defined by the agreement. The Company deferred $0.7 million of transaction costs related to the SEPA and will offset these costs against proceeds of any sales under the SEPA. As of March 31, 2023, the Company has sold 739,825 shares under the SEPA for total gross proceeds of $2.4 million. Issuance costs related to these shares are not material. As of March 31, 2023, there were 31,817,839 shares available to be sold to Yorkville under the Exchange Cap.
HGI Subscription Agreement
On November 10, 2022, the Company entered into a subscription agreement (the “HGI Subscription Agreement”) with HCI Grove LLC (“HGI”), pursuant to which, among other things, the Company issued to HGI 1,984,126 shares of the Company’s Class A common stock (“Subscribed Shares”) for aggregate proceeds of $2.5 million. Under the terms of the HGI Subscription Agreement, the Company is required to file a registration statement for the Subscribed Shares upon the Company becoming eligible to file a registration statement on Form S-3 and in any event prior to July 15, 2023 (the “Subscribed Shares Registration Statement”).
The HGI Subscription Agreement also provides that the Company will issue additional shares (the “HGI Additional Shares”) of the Company’s Class A common stock to HGI in the event that the volume weighted average price of the Company’s Class A common stock is less than $1.26 during the trading days commencing on the first trading day after (i) the Company files the Subscribed Shares Registration Statement (the “Registration Date”), (ii) the three-month anniversary of the Registration Date, (iii) the six-month anniversary of the Registration Date, or (iv) the nine-month anniversary of the Registration Date (“Measurement Periods” and each “Measurement Period”) upon HGI’s election to receive such additional shares. HGI may use all or a portion of each Subscribed Share once to determine the amount of any issuance of Additional Shares in connection with the Measurement Periods such that HGI may utilize, for example, half of the Subscribed Shares to receive further Additional Shares, and leave the remaining half of the Subscribed Shares available to utilize in connection with the remaining Measurement Periods. HGI must elect to receive HGI Additional Shares for one Measurement Period, or the right lapses or is superseded by the next measurement period. There have been no shares have been issued related to the HGI Additional shares as of March 31, 2023.
Concurrent with the HGI Subscription Agreement, the Company also entered into a consulting services agreement (the “Consulting Agreement”) with HCI Grove Management LLC (the “Consultant”). In consideration for the services under the Consulting Agreement, the Company (i) paid the Consultant an upfront fee of $150,000 and (ii) issued the Consultant 4,525,000 warrants (the “HGI Warrant Shares”) to purchase shares of the Company’s Class A common stock (the “HGI Warrants”), at an exercise price per share of $1.26 (the “Exercise Price”). On November 10, 2022, 40% of the HGI Warrant Shares vested and became issuable (the “Vested Warrants”), and the remaining HGI Warrant Shares (the “Unvested Warrants”) shall vest and become exercisable if, prior to December 31, 2024, the Company achieves at least $100.0 million in quarterly net revenue on a consolidated basis or if the Company consummates a Change of Control, as defined in HGI Warrants. If, as a result of the Change of Control, the Company’s equity holders own less than 25% of the equity securities of the surviving entity in such Change of Control, the Exercise Price shall be increased by 50%.
The Company determined the Vested Warrants and Unvested Warrants qualify as stock based compensation to a nonemployee. The Company recorded $1.2 million in stock based compensation expense on the execution date of the HGI Subscription Agreement. The Company performs a probability reassessment related to the Unvested Warrants each reporting period and will recognize the cumulative catch-up adjustment based on the grant-date fair value when the vesting conditions are probable of being achieved. Any remaining expense will continue to ratably recognized until the date the revenue target is achieved, and the Unvested Warrants are fully vested.
The fair value of Vested Warrants and Unvested Warrants granted to HGI was estimated at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, with the following assumptions:
Reserved for Issuance
The Company has the following shares of common stock reserved for future issuance, on an as-if converted basis:
No definition available.
The entire disclosure for shareholders' equity comprised of portions attributable to the parent entity and noncontrolling interest, including other comprehensive income. Includes, but is not limited to, balances of common stock, preferred stock, additional paid-in capital, other capital and retained earnings, accumulated balance for each classification of other comprehensive income and amount of comprehensive income.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef